In a Convention of Sovereign States, July 4, 2009
The unanimous Declaration of the fifty united States of America
By Robert Greenslade
In the Course of securing Liberty and establishing the Republic, our Forefathers Dissolved all allegiance to the British Crown and declared the American Colonies to be free and independent States. This separation from the mother country Transformed the newly established States into separate Sovereign political entities.
That in 1781, the thirteen united States, Severally, entered into a league of friendship with each other for their common defense, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare called the Articles of Confederation. Under this Compact, each State retained its Sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every Power, Jurisdiction and right, which was not expressly Delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled. This limited Confederation did not consolidate the thirteen united States, or their People, into one nation.
That in 1787, twelve of the thirteen united States, Severally, sent delegates to a Federal [Constitutional] Convention for the sole and express purpose of Revising the federal system of government established by the Articles of Confederation. The delegates drafted a new Compact between the several States called The Constitution for the united States of America. When adopted by the several States, this Compact did not abolish the federal system of government established by the Articles of Confederation or consolidate the thirteen united States, or their People, into one nation.
That in ratifying the Constitution for the united States of America, the several States created a common agent called the federal government. They empowered their agent with the authority to perform Limited enumerated functions that would be difficult or impossible for the States to perform individually. Under the terms of this Compact, every power not Delegated by the Principals, to their agent, was Retained by the States and their People.
That pursuant to the terms of the Compact, all political Power was vested in the People as States. Only the People as States could exercise the Powers of government under our Constitution.
That the powers Delegated to the federal government were not intended to operate on the American people generally because they are Not a party to the Compact as enumerated in Article VII of our Constitution.
That the general provisions of the Constitution pertain to the States in their united or collective capacity because the Constitution was established “between the States” as enumerated in Article VII of our Constitution.
That the constitutional delineation of power between the federal and state governments, which is the Foundation of our Constitution, was stated in no uncertain terms by James Madison: [t]he powers delegated…to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people; and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State. The operations of the federal government will be most extensive and important in times of war and danger; those of the State governments in times of peace and security.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that the federal government has refused to stay within the Confines of its constitutionally Delegated powers. The government created by the Compact is exercising powers Not granted and attempting to consolidate the Sovereign American States into a single nation. That a consolidation of Sovereign States, controlled exclusively by political parties, would institute a form of government Foreign to our Constitution and rejected by our Forefathers. That whenever the federal government becomes destructive of the ends for which it was established, it is the Right of the States, as the exclusive parties to the Compact between themselves, to alter or abolish their common government and institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and general Welfare. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under the absolute Despotism of a central government controlled exclusively by political parties, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
Such has been the patient sufferance of the People of these united States and such is now the necessity that compels them to Command their Agent, the state governments, to alter, reform or abolish the federal government established by the several States. The recent history of the federal government is a history of Repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these Sovereign States and their People. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
The federal government has declared itself to be supreme and above the several States.In every stage of these Oppressions and Usurpations of power We have petitioned for redress in the most humble and peaceful terms: Our repeated requests that the federal government stay within bounds of its constitutionally Delegated powers have been answered only by Repeated injury and Usurpations. A federal government, whose character is thus marked by every act, which may define a Tyrannical government, is unfit to be the common agent of a Union of Sovereign States.
We, Therefore, the people of the united States of America, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by the Authority of the good People of these united States, solemnly publish and declare, That these united States, as Free and Independent States; are Absolved from the unconstitutional dictates of their federal government, and that all political connection between them and their agent will be totally Dissolved if that government does not return to its constitutionally Enumerated powers; and that as Free and Independent States, they will have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
If you would like to sign this declaration, you can do so by email.
1. This rewrite of the original Declaration of Independence is for educational purposes only and not meant to promote or encourage the commission of an unlawful act.
To see the previous copy of Bob Greenslade's Declaration of Independence, from 04, click here. (All previous signatures preserved here)