|The Future of Freedom Foundation|
Ever since last years U.S. Supreme Court decision in Kelo v. New London, cities have had the green light to take peoples property for private redevelopment projects. The victims of eminent domain are usually working-class people who are forced to sacrifice their homes for the sake of luxury homes and shops. Sure, they get paid something, but its not a true market price and some of these folks dont want to move at any price.
Fortunately, the Court ruling unleashed a public backlash against eminent domain, and in response, over 20 states, including Florida, passed restrictions on their cities power to take peoples homes for private development. Thats what led to the unusual circumstances in Riviera Beach, a low-income city in Palm Beach County.
Five years ago the city declared an area blighted, although homeowners disagreed with that description. It didnt matter. The designation made it eligible for condemnation and development by a private firm. The states standards for blight are so vague they can mean anything, says Dana Berliner, an attorney with the Institute for Justice, the pro-property-rights public-interest law firm that represents some of the Riviera Beach homeowners.
The city last year approved a $2.4 million project for a 400-acre area now occupied by 1,700 homes and businesses. Last May it agreed to let Viking develop the area for homes, condos, fancy stores, and yacht slips. The city pledged to use its power of eminent domain to condemn the properties. That led to three homeowner lawsuits.
There was a rub, however. The day after the agreement was made, Gov. Jeb Bush signed a bill prohibiting eminent domain for redevelopment. While Riviera Beach Mayor Michael Brown wants to challenge the new state law, city attorney Pamela Ryan prepared a resolution for the city council stating that the city would not violate the law. In other words, no eminent domain, leaving Viking high and dry.
At that point, the company threatened to sue Riviera Beach for going back on its word. We dont think it [the resolution] should be adopted, said Bob Healey, chairman of the development company. All theyre trying to do is get out of the lawsuits. The Council is to vote Nov. 1.
No doubt the company feels wronged, but theres no just way to compensate it. Taking the homes would be a violation of private property. But the taxpayers shouldnt be on the hook either; this was a decision the city officials shouldnt have made.
Imagine the homeowners agony.
I built this home, raised my children here, and am raising my grandchildren here, said Princess Wells, an Institute for Justice client who has lived here for 20 years. This is my dream home. I never imagined the government that was supposed to protect my home could take it away from me for someone else.
Across America, says Bert Gall, a senior attorney with the Institute for Justice, local governments are using the power of eminent domain to seize private homes, businesses, farms, and houses of worship in order to transfer those properties to other private owners for their private use. More often than not, governments justify these private-to-private transfers by making bogus blight declarations and arguing the new owners might create more jobs and taxes. But if that can be a justification for taking someones property, then no home, small business, farm, or church will be safe from this kind of government land-grab.
Scott McPherson is a policy advisor at The Future of Freedom Foundation.
Samuel Bostaph is head of the economics department at the University of Dallas and an academic advisor to The Future of Freedom Foundation
Anthony Gregory is a policy advisor at The Future of Freedom Foundation
James Bovard is the author of Attention Deficit Democracy (Palgrave, January 2006) and Terrorism & Tyranny (Palgrave, 2003), and is policy advisor at The Future of Freedom Foundation
Benedict LaRosa is a historian and writer and serves as a policy advisor to The Future of Freedom Foundation
Bart Frazier is program director at The Future of Freedom Foundation.
Sheldon Richman is senior fellow at The Future of Freedom Foundation in Fairfax, Va., author of Tethered Citizens: Time to Repeal the Welfare State, and editor of The Freeman magazine. Visit his blog Free Association."
Mr. Hornberger is founder and president of The Future of Freedom Foundation. Send him email.